Graphene-based composites can be used for efficient heat dissipation in smartphones, touch pads, and as a heat sink layer in electronics, offering low-cost, clean technology compared to silicon, glass or polymer-based solutions. Graphene is also proving useful for other heat-related applications, such as heat-adaptive clothing composed of graphene-enhanced smart textiles. These smart textiles can improve heat distribution in everyday garments and sportswear, and replace non-biodegradable synthetic textiles, offering lower-cost, lightweight, mechanically robust and adaptable solutions. Recently, graphene-enhanced smart textiles have begun to enter the market for heat-adaptive sportswear, clothing, and helmets.
Iron–cobalt–nickel–based alloys containing aluminium and titanium additives are five times stronger and 1.5 times more ductile than the conventional iron–cobalt–nickel alloys. They can also remain thermally stable between -200°C to 1000°C, making them useful for demanding applications commonly found in the aerospace industry. The combination of nickel, cobalt, iron, titanium and aluminium nanoparticles achieved extended uniform deformation, preventing the formation of stress fractures, which are a frequent problem with high-strength alloys. This new alloy has potential applications in cryogenic devices, aircraft, and systems and equipment that must endure extreme temperatures.